The objective of this study is analyze the performance of nurses on family health program in the prevention and control of early pregnancy; Identify the problems that adolescents face in discovering the pregnancy; analyze the importance of nurses' performance of the family health program in preventing teenage pregnancy. The approach used in this study is a qualitative, descriptive, exploratory, has as its target population 15 adolescents, pregnant women or mothers who they are residing in the city of Itaboraí and contains semi-structured interview as a tool for data collection. The results were that the adolescents interviewed have knowledge about sex education, which refers to feelings of teenage pregnancy will have been identified on the feelings of joy, fear, sadness and surprise.
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Qual é o panorama das gravidezes na adolescência no Brasil e no mundo? No Brasil, a taxa de prenhez na adolescência é ainda maior que a média mundial, de cada mil adolescentes de 15 a 19 anos, 62 tiveram um parto1. Quais as consequências de uma gravidez na adolescência? Sem falar no impacto econômico para o país, conforme estudo do Escabelo Mundial, o Brasil teria incremento de 3,5 bilhões de dólares 14 bilhões de reais por ano em rendimento caso as meninas adiassem a prenhez para depois dos 20 anos7. Larsson, I. Sexual experiences in childhood: young adults' recollections. Puberty and Adolescent Sexuality. Horm Behav.
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This article deals with a study on prevention in the school environment based on a strategy of reducing vulnerability. The following stands out in the results: the effectiveness of the proposal, broadly accepted and favorably absorbed by the school's students; the diversified profile of voluntary students acting as multiplying agents; and the tension between the cognitive-behavioral model and the social-constructivist model in the educational processes concretely operated by the multiplying agents. The article concludes that there is a possibility and interest in the action of students acting as multiplying agents from the standpoint of the strategies of reduction of vulnerability. It also points out the need to develop mechanisms for the recruitment and training of agents capable of problematizing and overcoming the said tension. Key words: Sida; prevention; school; vulnerability; adolescence; evaluation. El presente artículo trata de estudio de prevención en el ambiente escolar, basado en estrategia de reducción de vulnerabilidad.